Dr. Lisa Carlson leads a botany class.Biology

Biology is the study of all living organisms, ranging from oak trees to bacteria. 

As a part of your degree you will study all major biological systems, and can choose to specialize in a field such as botany or physiology. Biology involves methods and knowledge from geology, chemistry, physics and mathematics.

Centralia College offers two degree options. You are encouraged to work closely with an advisor to choose the right track for you.

A knowledge of biology will help you understand yourself and how you impact the world around you. With a degree in biology, you will be prepared to go on to further studies in medical, veterinary, and research programs or directly into the workforce for employers such as hospitals, government organisations, and conservation societies.

Track 1 - Associate in Science

This program is for students who wish to complete a bachelor’s degree in such disciplines as general or molecular biology, zoology, microbiology, genetics, entomology, botany, horticulture, soil science, phycology, ecology, marine science, fisheries or wildlife management.

Recommended Science Electives: BIOL& 241, 242, 243 Human A & P w/Lab series I-III CHEM& 261, 262, 263 Organic Chemistry w/Lab I-III; PHYS& 221, 222, 223; Engineering Physics I-III

First Year  
Fall Quarter
  • BIOL& 221 Majors Ecology/Evolution - 5 credits
  • CHEM& 161 General Chemistry w/Lab I - 6 credits
  • ENGL& 101 English Composition I - 5 credits
Winter Quarter
  • BIOL& 222 Majors Cell/Molecular - 5 credits
  • CHEM& 162 General Chemistry w/Lab II - 6 credits
  • MATH& 151 Calculus I - 5 credits
Spring Quarter
  • BIOL& 223 Majors Organismal Physiology - 5 credits
  • CHEM& 163 General Chemistry w/Lab III - 6 credits
  • MACH& 152 Calculus II - 5 credits
Second Year  
Fall Quarter
  • Biology/Chemistry/Physics Sequence* - 5-6 credits
  • Social Science Distribution - 5 credits
  • Health and Fitness Distribution - 3 credits
Winter Quarter
  • Biology/Chemistry/Physics Sequence* - 5-6 credits
  • MATH& 146 Introduction to Statistics OR MATH& 163 Calculus III - 5 credits
  • Humantities Distribution - 5 credits
Spring Quarter
  • Biology/Chemistry/Physics Sequence* - 5-6 credits
  • Social Science OR Humanities Distribution - 5 credits
  • Elective - 5 credits
Note * Biology majors should select organic chemistry or physics for second year sequence.

 

Track 2 - Associate in Biology

This program is for students who wish to complete a bachelor’s degree in such disciplines as general or molecular biology, zoology, microbiology, genetics, entomology, botany, horticulture, soil science, phycology, ecology, marine biology, fisheries biology, or wildlife management. This program assumes a student is prepared to start college-level math and English courses.

First Year  
Fall Quarter
  • CHEM& 161 General Chemistry w/Lab I - 6 credits
  • ENGL& 101 English Compostition I - 5 credits
  • MATH& 141 Pre-Calculus I OR Humanities Distribution - 5 credits
Winter Quarter
  • CHEM& 162 General Chemistry w/Lab II - 6 credits
  • ENGL& 102 Composition II OR ENGL& 235 Technical Writing - 5 credits
  • MATH& 142 Pre-Calculus II OR Social Science Distribution* - 5 credits
Spring Quarter
  • CHEM& 163 General Chemistry w/Lab III - 6 credits
  • MATH& 151 Calculus I - 5 credits
  • Humanities Distribution** - 5 credits
Notes

* Students requiring Pre-Calculus I (MATH& 141) or Pre-Calculus II (MATH& 142) should complete these now. These students would use one of the second-year electives for a third Social Science and another second-year elective for a third Humanities distribution course. Other students should satisfy a Social Science or Humanities elective.

** Recommended electives include a full year sequence of organic chemistry or additional math classes, such as statistics or additional calculus.

Second Year  
Fall Quarter
  • BIOL& 221 Majors Ecology/Evolution - 5 credits
  • Humanities Distribution - 5 credits
  • Elective** or Social Science Distribution* - 5 credits
Winter Quarter
  • BIOL& 122 Majors Cell/Molecular - 5 credits
  • Social Science Distribution - 5 credits
  • Elective** or Humanities Distribution* - 5 credits
  • Health and Fitness Distribution - 3 credits
Spring Quarter
  • BIOL& 223 Majors Organismal Physiology - 5 credits
  • Social Science Distribution - 5 credits
  • Elective - 5 credits
Notes

* Students requiring Pre-Calculus I (MATH& 141) or Pre-Calculus II (MATH& 142) should complete these now. These students would use one of the second-year electives for a third Social Science and another second-year elective for a third Humanities distribution course. Other students should satisfy a Social Science or Humanities elective.

** Recommended electives include a full year sequence of organic chemistry or additional math classes, such as statistics or additional calculus.

BIOL& 160 - General Biology w/Lab

Surveys the structures and functions of cells and organisms. Explores basic genetic and evolutionary processes. Outlines the characteristics of life, its history, and biodiversity.

BIOL& 170 - Human Biology

Presents the structure, organization, and life functions of the human; cells, tissues, and organ systems; development from embryo to adult; aging and disease; human evolution and ecology.

BIOL 172 - Human Biology Lab

Investigate the structure and function of the integumentary, skeletal, muscular, nervous, sensory, endocrine, cardiovascular, immune, respiratory, digestive, urinary, and reproductive systems. Prerequisite: BIOL& 170.

BIOL 180 - Regional Biodiversity

Explore the biological diversity of a region. Identify the dominant organisms, describe their interactions with their physical, chemical, and biological environments. Focus on field trips. Prerequisite: instructor permission.

BIOL 190 - Cooperative Work Experience

Allows students to apply classroom learning to on-the-job settings. Credit for new and continued learning in the work environment. 60-360 hours on-on-job per quarter. Prerequisite: Work Experience Seminar (BTEC 191-194) is required of Co-op students. Instructor’s permission required.

BIOL& 221 - Majors Ecology/Evolution

Ecology, evolution, taxonomy and phylogeny, diversity of life forms. First course in a three-quarter series (BIOL& 221, 222, 223). Prerequisite: HS biology or BIOL& 160 and MATH 098 or equivalent.

BIOL& 222 - Majors Cell/Molecular

Metabolism and energetics, structure and function of biomolecules and cells, Mendelian and molecular genetics, gene regulation and biotechnology. Second course in a three-quarter series (BIOL& 221, 222 and 223). Prerequisites: high school biology and chemistry or BIOL& 160; CHEM 121 or CHEM& 161 recommended.

BIOL& 223 - Majors Organismal Physiology

Plant and animal comparative anatomy and physiology. Final course in a three-quarter series (BIOL& 221, 222, and 223). Prerequisite: BIOL& 221 or 222 or instructor permission.

BIOL& 241 - Human Anatomy & Physiology 1

Investigate interactions between structures and functions essential for human health. Levels include macromolecules, membranes and the cell, tissues, integument, skeleton and articulations, skeletal muscles, nerves, and central nervous systems. First quarter of a two-quarter sequence. Prerequisite: High school biology and chemistry or BIOL& 160 or BIOL& 170 and CHEM& 121.

BIOL& 242 - Human Anatomy & Physiology 2

Investigate the interactions between structure (anatomy) function (physiology) essential for human health. Investigate organization and function of the sensory, endocrine, cardiovascular, immune, respiratory, digestive, urinary, and reproductive systems. Prerequisite: BIOL& 241 or instructor permission.

BIOL 243 – Advanced Topics in Human Anatomy & Physiology

Investigate the inheritance of human characteristics and the regulation of gene expression. Trace the development of major organ systems in utero and fetal development. Trace the physiological and anatomical transformations in older individuals. Prerequisite: BIOL& 242 or instructor permission.

BIOL 250 - Introduction to Marine Biology

Introduction to physical and chemical factors affecting marine organisms: the various marine habitats, the animals and plants which inhabit them, and human exploitation of marine resources. Field trips to local marine habitats.

BIOL& 260 - Microbiology

Understand the morphology, physiology, metabolism, genetics, and evolution of microbes. Explore the interactions of pathogenic microbes and human health. Review processes that inhibit microbial disease. Develop skills of culturing, identifying, and manipulating microbes. Prerequisite: one college chemistry course.

BIOL 270 - Research in Biology

Design a research project, set up experiments, collect data in the lab or in the field, and/or analyze data. Each credit hour requires 33 hours of activity per quarter. Prerequisite: instructor permission.

BIOL 360 - Life Science Concepts

Fundamentals of structure and function from subcellular to organismal levels. Sources of variation in traits and inheritance. Ecological and ecosystem dynamics. Evolution, natural selection, and adaptation. BAS-TE students will develop grade- appropriate lesson plans/activities. Prerequisite: Five credits of lower division Natural Science.

Degrees and credits in biology transferable to programs such as nursing, pre-veterinary, pre-medical, biochemistry, microbiology, genetics, ecology, and marine biology.

CONTACT

Dr. Lisa Carlson (she/her/hers)
Professor of Biology
Office: WSC 318 C
360-623-8370
Email Dr. Lisa Carlson

Dr. Steve Norton (he/him/his)
Associate Professor of Biology
Office: WSC 318-E
360-623-8564
Email Dr. Steve Norton

Dr. Kelsea Jewell
Associate Professor of Biology & Nutrition
Office: WSC 318-B
360-623-8448
Email Dr. Kelsea Jewell